How to Polish Marble

Effective marble polishing process starts with an understanding of what is marble.  Marble is a natural stone that comes from the metamorphism of carbonate, sedimentary rocks. Typically, these are dolomite or limestone. During the metamorphism, re-crystallization occurs in the carbonate mineral grains.  The rock that is produced through this process has interlocking carbonated crystals. The original sedimentary structures of the rock as it existed prior to this change are often destroyed or changed.

Now a basic understanding of marble for everyday use:  Marble is calcite which means that is made up mostly of calcium; it is very sensitive to acidic products such as vinegar containing household liquids, general purpose cleaners, and other chemicals.  Marble is a very soft rock that scratches very easy making it a high maintenance material.

The good news is that when a marble floor, marble countertop or marble becomes damaged it can be repaired or restored by using the proper marble polishing process and at a fraction of the replacement cost.

The Marble Polishing Process that professional stone care and restoration companies use to polish marble


Marble Floor Inspections – The restoration company should do a visual for grout damage or cracked tiles. If there are broken tiles or broken grout lines, this is an indicator of possible faulty installation. Cause of surface damage, most of the damage is caused by daily traffic, furniture movement and improper cleaning products and or cleaning products.

Marble Counter Top – Surface damage on marble countertops are mostly caused by household cleaning products. In the bathroom, toothpaste and bathroom cleaning products cause etching, in the kitchen citrous or vinegar based products will also cause etching.

Clean Marble Surfaces First

Vacuum marble floors to pick up any sand or debris. Strip off any waxes previously used. Use a neutral ph non rinse marble cleaning product to safely clean marble.


The restoration process may involve grinding, honing and polishing the marble surface. Most floors only require light honing and polishing. This is depending on how much or how deep the scratches on the floor or counters are.

Marble Grinding – is the first step of complete marble restoration. It is necessary to remove deep scratches and lippage from marble flooring. This a very coarse diamond sanding process

Marble Honing – This follows grinding. It is used to remove the scratches caused by the grinding process.

Final Marble Polishing – This is the fun part for a marble polishing company. It is the final step. If the grinding and honing was done properly, this final step should render a like new polish look.

Sealing Marble– It is recommended that an application of stone penetrating sealer is applied after restoration or polishing of marble floor or countertop.

Proper marble restoration and refinishing process should be conducted by an experienced marble polishing company or professional.  They have the know-how and the right equipment and supplies to effectively refinish dull and worn marble surfaces.

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